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KALICI DÖVME TARİHİ

KALICI TATTOO TARİHİ

DÖVME TARİHİ

TATTOO TARİHİ

 
       
 

 

 

 

 

 

DÖVME TARİHİ

Dünya da dövme tarihinin ilk başlangıcı olarak bilinen Hintler, Japonlar, Amerika Yerlileri ve Afrika'daki bazı kabileler dövmeyi bir süs olarak yapmış olsalarda pek çok toplumda dövmenin hastalıklara ve kötü ruhlara karşı koruyucu bir tılsım (nazarlık) olarak uygulandığı, bireyin toplumdaki konumunu (köle, efendi, ergen, işçi, asker) vurgulamak için kullanıldığı bilinmektedir.Günümüzde dövme estetik bir görünüm amaç için yapılmakta olup insanlar duygularını vücuduna işletmek için dövme uygulamaları yaptırmaktadır.

 


                           



Dünya üzerinde dövme yapma geleneği hayli eskidir. MÖ 2000'lerde Antik Mısır toplumunda dövmenin yapıldığı mumyalardan anlaşılmıştır. Mısırlıların dışında Britonların, Galyalıların ve Trakların da dövmeleri vardı. Antik Yunanlar ve Romalılar, "barbarlara özgü bir uğraş" saydıkları dövmeyi suçlular ile kölelere yaparlardı. Hıristiyanlık inancında dövme yasaklanmıştı. Buna karşın ilk Hıristiyanlar, bedenlerine İsa'nın adını ya da haç desenleri taşıyan dövmeler yaptırmışlardır. Aradan yüzyıllar geçince Avrupalılar dövmeyi unuttular. 18. yüzyıl sonlarında denizaşırı gezilerde Amerika Yerlilerinde ve Polinezyalılarda dövmeyle yeniden karşılaştılar. Avrupa dilleri, dövme karşılığı olan tattoo sözcüğünü Tahiti dilindeki tautau kelimesinden almıştır. Dövme 20. yüzyılın başlarından sonra, özellikle denizciler arasında yaygınlık kazandı. Romantik duyguları, yurtseverliği ya da dindarlığı belirtmek amacıyla dövme yaygın olarak kullanıldı ve günümüzde de kullanılmaktadır. Ama hijyene önem verilmesi maksatlı AIDS gibi bazı hastalıkları bulaştırdığı gerekçesiyle lisanssız dövme uygulaması yapmaya yasal sınırlamalar getirilmesi getirilmiştir. Günümüzde dövme ustalık belgesine sahip kişiler dövme yapar.

 

 

 

 

 

TATTOO HISTORY

A Brief History Of Tattoos


The word tattoo is said to has two major derivations- from
the polynesian word ‘ta’ which means striking something
and the tahitian word ‘tatau’ which means ‘to mark something’.

the history of tattoo began over 5000 years ago and is as
diverse as the people who wear them.

tattoos are created by inserting colored materials beneath
the skins surface. the first tattoos probably were created
by accident. someone had a small wound, and rubbed it
with a hand that was dirty with soot and ashes from the fire.
once the wound had healed, they saw that a mark stayed
permanently.

despite the social sciences' growing fascination with tattooing,
and the immense popularity of tattoos themselves,
the practice has not left much of a historical record.

 

 

 



Bronze age tattoo history
in 1991, a five thousand year old tattooed man ‘ötzi the ice man’
made the headlines of newspapers all over the world when
his frozen body was discovered on a mountain between
austria and italy.
this is the best preserved corpse of that period ever found.
the skin bears 57 tattoos: a cross on the inside of the left knee,
six straight lines 15 centimeters long above the kidneys and
numerous parallel lines on the ankles.
the position of the tattoo marks suggests that they were probably
applied for therapeutic reasons (treatment of arthritis).

Pazyryk tattoo culture
in 1948, 120 miles north of the border between russia and
china, russian archeologist sergei rudenko began excavating
a group of tombs, or kurgans, in the high altai mountains of
western and southern siberia. mummies were found that date
from around 2400 years ago.
the tattoos on their bodies represent a variety of animals.
the griffins and monsters are thought to have a magical
significance but some elements are believed to be purely
decorative. altogether the tattoos are believed to reflect the
status of the individual.

 



 



Egypt tattoo history
written records, physical remains, and works of art relevant to
egyptian tattoo have virtually been ignored by earlier egyptologists
influenced by prevailing social attitudes toward the medium.
today however, we know that there have been bodies recovered
dating to as early XI dynasty exhibiting the art form of tattoo.
in 1891, archaeologists discovered the mummified remains
of amunet, a priestess of the goddess hathor, at thebes who
lived some time between 2160 BC and 1994 BC.
this female mummy displayed several lines and dots tattooed
about her body - grouping dots and/or dashes were aligned into
abstract geometric patterns. this art form was restricted
to women only, and usually these women were associated
with ritualistic practice. Lost Tattoo Piercing Kadıköy
the egyptians spread the practice of tattooing throughout the world.
the pyramid-building third and fourth dynasties of egypt
developed international nations with crete, greece, persia,
and arabia. by 2,000 BC the art of tattooing had stretched out all the
way to southeast asia .
the ainu (western asian nomads) then brought it with them
as they moved to japan.
 

 


 



Japan tattoo history
the earliest evidence of tattooing in japan is found in the form
of clay figurines which have faces painted or engraved to
represent tattoo marks. the oldest figurines of this kind have
been recovered from tombs dated 3,000 BC or older, and many
other such figurines have been found in tombs dating from the
second and third millennia BC. tattoo
these figurines served as stand-ins for living individuals who
symbolically accompanied the dead on their journey into the
unknown, and it is believed that the tattoo marks had religious
or magical significance.
the first written record of japanese tattooing is found in a
chinese dynastic history compiled in 297 AD.
the japanese were interested in the art mostly for its decorative
attributes, as opposed to magical ones. the horis - the japanese
tattoo artists - were the undisputed masters. their use of colors,
perspective, and imaginative designs gave the practice a whole
new angle. the classic japanese tattoo, is a full body suit.

 

 

 



China tattoo history
from southern china the practice spread along the silk route.
in pacific cultures tattooing has a huge historic significance.
polynesian tattooing is considered the most intricate and
skillful tattooing of the ancient world.
polynesian peoples, believe that a person's mana, their spiritual
power or life force, is displayed through their tattoo.
the vast majority of what we know today about these ancient
arts has been passed down through legends, songs, and ritual
ceremonies. elaborate geometrical designs which were often
added to, renewed, and embellished throughout the life of the
individual until they covered the entire body.

in samoa, the tradition of applying tattoo, or ‘tatau’, by hand,
has long been defined by rank and title, with chiefs and their
assistants, descending from notable families in the proper birth order.
the tattooing ceremonies for young chiefs, typically conducted at
the onset of puberty, were elaborate affairs and were a key part
of their ascendance to a leadership role. dövme
the permanent marks left by the tattoo artists would forever
celebrate their endurance and dedication to cultural traditions.
the first europeans who set foot on samoan soil were members
of a 1787 french expedition. they got a closer look at the natives
and reported that ‘the men have their thighs painted or tattooed
in such a way that one would think them clothed,
although they are almost naked’. the mythological origins of
samoan tattooing and the extraordinary cross-cultural history
of tatau has been transported to the migrant communities of
new zealand, and later disseminated into various international
subcultures from auckland to the netherlands.

the hawaiian people had their traditional tattoo art,
known as ‘kakau’. it served them not only for ornamentation
and distinction, but to guard their health and spiritual well-being.
intricate patterns, mimicking woven reeds or other natural forms,
graced men's arms, legs, torso and face.
women were generally tattooed on the hand,

 

 



 

     

   

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