Dünya da dövme tarihinin ilk başlangıcı
olarak bilinen Hintler, Japonlar, Amerika Yerlileri ve
Afrika'daki bazı kabileler dövmeyi bir süs olarak yapmış
olsalarda pek çok toplumda dövmenin hastalıklara ve kötü
ruhlara karşı koruyucu bir tılsım (nazarlık) olarak
uygulandığı, bireyin toplumdaki konumunu (köle, efendi,
ergen, işçi, asker) vurgulamak için kullanıldığı
bilinmektedir.Günümüzde dövme estetik bir görünüm amaç için
yapılmakta olup insanlar duygularını vücuduna işletmek için
dövme uygulamaları yaptırmaktadır.
Dünya üzerinde dövme yapma geleneği hayli eskidir. MÖ
2000'lerde Antik Mısır toplumunda dövmenin yapıldığı
mumyalardan anlaşılmıştır. Mısırlıların dışında Britonların,
Galyalıların ve Trakların da dövmeleri vardı. Antik Yunanlar
ve Romalılar, "barbarlara özgü bir uğraş" saydıkları dövmeyi
suçlular ile kölelere yaparlardı. Hıristiyanlık inancında
dövme yasaklanmıştı. Buna karşın ilk Hıristiyanlar,
bedenlerine İsa'nın adını ya da haç desenleri taşıyan
dövmeler yaptırmışlardır. Aradan yüzyıllar geçince
Avrupalılar dövmeyi unuttular. 18. yüzyıl sonlarında
denizaşırı gezilerde Amerika Yerlilerinde ve
Polinezyalılarda dövmeyle yeniden karşılaştılar. Avrupa
dilleri, dövme karşılığı olan tattoo sözcüğünü Tahiti
dilindeki tautau kelimesinden almıştır. Dövme 20. yüzyılın
başlarından sonra, özellikle denizciler arasında yaygınlık
kazandı. Romantik duyguları, yurtseverliği ya da dindarlığı
belirtmek amacıyla dövme yaygın olarak kullanıldı ve
günümüzde de kullanılmaktadır. Ama hijyene önem verilmesi
maksatlı AIDS gibi bazı hastalıkları bulaştırdığı
dövme uygulaması yapmaya yasal
sınırlamalar getirilmesi getirilmiştir. Günümüzde dövme
ustalık belgesine sahip kişiler dövme yapar.
A Brief History Of Tattoos
The word tattoo is said to has two major derivations-
the polynesian word ‘ta’ which means striking
and the tahitian word ‘tatau’ which means ‘to mark
the history of tattoo began over 5000 years ago and
diverse as the people who wear them.
tattoos are created by inserting colored materials
the skins surface. the first tattoos probably were
by accident. someone had a small wound, and rubbed
with a hand that was dirty with soot and ashes from
once the wound had healed, they saw that a mark
despite the social sciences' growing fascination
and the immense popularity of tattoos themselves,
the practice has not left much of a historical
Bronze age tattoo
in 1991, a five thousand year old tattooed man ‘ötzi
the ice man’
made the headlines of newspapers all over the world
his frozen body was discovered on a mountain between
austria and italy.
this is the best preserved corpse of that period
the skin bears 57 tattoos: a cross on the inside of
the left knee,
six straight lines 15 centimeters long above the
numerous parallel lines on the ankles.
the position of the tattoo marks suggests that they
applied for therapeutic reasons (treatment of
Pazyryk tattoo culture
in 1948, 120 miles north of the border between
china, russian archeologist sergei rudenko began
a group of tombs, or kurgans, in the high altai
western and southern siberia. mummies were found
from around 2400 years ago.
the tattoos on their bodies represent a variety of
the griffins and monsters are thought to have a
significance but some elements are believed to be
decorative. altogether the tattoos are believed to
status of the individual.
Egypt tattoo history
written records, physical remains, and works of art
egyptian tattoo have virtually been ignored by
influenced by prevailing social attitudes toward the
today however, we know that there have been bodies
dating to as early XI dynasty exhibiting the art
form of tattoo.
in 1891, archaeologists discovered the mummified
of amunet, a priestess of the goddess hathor, at
lived some time between 2160 BC and 1994 BC.
this female mummy displayed several lines and dots
about her body - grouping dots and/or dashes were
abstract geometric patterns. this art form was
to women only, and usually these women were
with ritualistic practice. Lost Tattoo Piercing
the egyptians spread the practice of tattooing
throughout the world.
the pyramid-building third and fourth dynasties of
developed international nations with crete, greece,
and arabia. by 2,000 BC the art of tattooing had
stretched out all the
way to southeast asia .
the ainu (western asian nomads) then brought it with
as they moved to japan.
Japan tattoo history
the earliest evidence of tattooing in japan is found
in the form
of clay figurines which have faces painted or
represent tattoo marks. the oldest figurines of this
been recovered from tombs dated 3,000 BC or older,
other such figurines have been found in tombs dating
second and third millennia BC. tattoo
these figurines served as stand-ins for living
symbolically accompanied the dead on their journey
unknown, and it is believed that the tattoo marks
or magical significance.
the first written record of japanese tattooing is
found in a
chinese dynastic history compiled in 297 AD.
the japanese were interested in the art mostly for
attributes, as opposed to magical ones. the horis -
tattoo artists - were the undisputed masters. their
use of colors,
perspective, and imaginative designs gave the
practice a whole
new angle. the classic japanese tattoo, is a full
China tattoo history
from southern china the practice spread along the
in pacific cultures tattooing has a huge historic
polynesian tattooing is considered the most
skillful tattooing of the ancient world.
polynesian peoples, believe that a person's mana,
power or life force, is displayed through their
the vast majority of what we know today about these
arts has been passed down through legends, songs,
ceremonies. elaborate geometrical designs which were
added to, renewed, and embellished throughout the
life of the
individual until they covered the entire body.
in samoa, the tradition of applying tattoo, or ‘tatau’,
has long been defined by rank and title, with chiefs
assistants, descending from notable families in the
proper birth order.
the tattooing ceremonies for young chiefs, typically
the onset of puberty, were elaborate affairs and
were a key part
of their ascendance to a leadership role. dövme
the permanent marks left by the tattoo artists would
celebrate their endurance and dedication to cultural
the first europeans who set foot on samoan soil were
of a 1787 french expedition. they got a closer look
at the natives
and reported that ‘the men have their thighs painted
in such a way that one would think them clothed,
although they are almost naked’. the mythological
samoan tattooing and the extraordinary cross-cultural
of tatau has been transported to the migrant
new zealand, and later disseminated into various
subcultures from auckland to the netherlands.
the hawaiian people had their traditional tattoo
known as ‘kakau’. it served them not only for
and distinction, but to guard their health and
intricate patterns, mimicking woven reeds or other
graced men's arms, legs, torso and face.
women were generally tattooed on the hand,